Chytrid found in the Western Ghats, India

The amphibian chytrid fungus is not well known from Asia, and it is thought that many amphibians there may have a resistance to it. A recent study found that three endemic species of frogs in the Western Ghats of India were infected with Bd in some parts of their range. Of the three species studied, Nyctibatrachus humayuni appeared the most effected by the fungus. Individuals of this species were infected at all sites sampled and many exhibited skin sloughing, sluggishness and other signs of infection. These frogs are listed as Vulnerable by IUCN, but if they are highly susceptible to Bd, it may not be long before they become Threatened, Endangered or even Extinct. If the fungus is found to be resulting in declines in amphibian species in India, more captive breeding conservation efforts, similar to those in Latin America like PARC (Panama) and Wikiri (Ecuador), should be implemented to ensure the continued survival of India’s unique amphibians. It would be a real tragedy if the world’s only purple frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis), which is Endangered and also found in the Western Ghats, went extinct.

Frog: 8, Fungus: 13

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